The Subject Matter Expert (SME) and the designer: this week, we look at the need for a little love and understanding...
Five steps to a happier relationship...
We've worked with many SMEs over the years. We've seen it go very right and very wrong. Sometimes a little understanding is required. Sometimes a little tough love. Sometimes a little more explanation of where you see the relationship going.
Here are some steps that you can take to improve how you manage and collaborate with SMEs to achieve the desired result.
1. Find the right partner
Not all rapid e-learning projects have the same SME requirement. The key project factors that will steer you towards the most appropriate SME are:
Time: If you’ve only got three weeks, only some SMEs will be in a position to help. You'll be unlikely to secure the most senior qualified person unless they’re very committed to the project (and they may not be at the right level to provide useful help).
Subject matter: More linear procedural or systems content may need less face-to-face SME time than soft skills or more complex content, which may need more interpretation.
Project profile: A rapid e-learning project for a specific group or role will have a specific SME requirement that’s different from, for example, a company-wide orientation programme that will require a range of SMEs to represent different groups and functions.
2. Make sure they're ready for commitment
The SME’s most common complaint about participation in e-learning projects is that it takes far longer than they were told it would. To avoid this, be clear about the time required upfront.
And if your SME can’t commit to the relationship? You can either:
- adjust your schedule to accommodate (if they must be the SME), or
- adjust your working model to accommodate (if the deadline can’t change), or
- find alternative SME resources.
Don’t pretend it’s going to work if you know your SME is not going to be available. You’re setting yourself up for disappointment.
3. Let them know where the relationship is going
Bear in mind that your SME may have no idea what you mean by 'e-learning' – or have a different idea of e-learning to yours. If you’re not on the same page in terms of the type of learner experience and learning model, you will encounter problems and disagreements in the detailed content development and review.
To help them visualise the outcome and the iterations along the way, show them:
- The most similar piece of e-learning at your disposal
- An example of a script/unedited PowerPoint for review
- A typical output from the tool you’re using
4. Get the process straight
Before you move in together, you need to be clear upfront about who’s going to do the dishes…There are many models for getting from the contents of an SME’s head to a finished rapid e-learning course. From the lowest level of SME involvement to the highest, the most common are:
-SME provides raw materials and ideas, then reviews build
-SME briefs, reviews scripts, graphics, build
-SME co-writes and reviews scripts, build
-SME authors (in PowerPoint or authoring tool)
In between there are many gradations. It’s important that you agree with the SME the model that will work best for you and them, and adhere to that model. Best practice is to develop a short document or flowchart agreeing who will do what so there’s absolute clarity.
5. Don't spare the tough love
SMEs need project management, probably more than any other member of the e-learning production team as they’re not dedicated to the project and are usually, by their nature, extremely busy. Some basic tips for project management of an SME:
-Develop a personalised project plan with just their responsibilities and deadlines
-Ask them if they’re clear on their tasks and if they need support
-Set false deadlines to allow for slippage
-Focus them on the content, not the whole project (unless they’re explicitly playing a more involved role)
-Focus them specifically on the content that only they can provide – for example, interpretation, examples, anecdotes – and not on materials you can source without their input
-Work to a scheduled review event, e.g. meeting or conference call